Tatting Designers Elements and Principles of Design
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The Elements & Principles of Design

A good design or Composition is the result of applying the Principles of Design to the Elements of Design in an Aesthetically pleasing way.

Composition: The way Elements of a Design are visually combined and the Principles are used to arrange or maniputlate them.

What are the Elements & Principles?

An Element of Design is a Component - It is a Design Building Block.

A Principle of Design is a Rule or Guideline you use to assemble and Organize the Elements.

By Applying the Principles to the Elements a great composition can be achieved.

Classification of the Elements & Principles: Although very similar, the way they are classified is not always the same depending upon the source; for our Tatting Designers Class we will use the Version in the Chart below:

Elements of Design Principles of Design


  1. Line/Point
  2. Shape/Form
  3. Size/Scale
  4. Space
  5. Texture
  6. Color/Value


  1. Balance
  2. Proportion
  3. Rhythm
  4. Pattern/Repetition
  5. Emphasis
  6. Contrast
  7. Gradation

A great Composition has an Overall:

Unity: solidarity; when all elements combine into a state of being a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.

Harmony: "a consistent, orderly, or pleasing arrangement of parts . . ."

Visual Impact: the way that elements of a design are visually combined and arranged; effective placement and divisions of space

Aesthetic: the idea of beauty at a given time and place















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